Since 2001, identity politics in the Middle East have shared similarities with Syrian cluster bombs – larger settings have fractured into little bits and all of them are highly explosive. Professor R. Hinnebusch goes to the bottom of this issue by meticulously explaining how the Middle Eastern uprisings have factionalized identities and how violence and international intervention keep fueling this sectarianization.
Hinnebusch, R., “The Sectarian Revolution in the Middle East,” R/evolutions: Global Trends & Regional Issues, Vol 4, No. 1, 2016, (ISSN: 2449-6413), pp. 120-152.